Monthly Archives: September 2012

Wiki research: What is the gender(gap) of …. Internet & society related conferences? The case of Open Knowledge Festival 2012

This summer, I’ve been traveling, touring international conferences which I attended personally or was engaged with in some other way. The conferences were on the topics I work with: collaborative online communities (Wikimania, taking place in July in Washington and Wikisym in August in Vienna), digital politics (Personal Democracy Forum in June in NYC and Internet, Politics, Policy in September at Oxford), and commons (Knowledge Conference Commons of the International Association for the study of the Commons in Belgium in September), among other events.

Those are diverse conferences – some more academic and others more action-oriented – and they have different thematic and disciplinary focus. However, they are all in the field of Internet/technology and society.
However, even if to a certain degree they all build upon an interconnected community of those interested in technological and societal issues, I am amazed how diverse they are in terms of gender inclusion. In other words, in terms of gender, some conferences are able to engage a diverse set of speakers and participants, in which women are also present, while others largely include almost only men in their programs. To give you an example, the organizers of Wikisym were almost all men: 89% of the Symposium Committee, 78% of the Program Committee, and 80% of the program of speakers were men (according to the data provided on the program web page).
pdf In contrast, in the Personal Democracy Forum, the gender ratio of speakers was more balanced and inclusive, with 60% men and 40% women speaking (according to the program).
Traditionally, technological sectors (even if this is not true of all of them) were and still are majoritarily populated by males. In this regard, conferences in those sectors might be expected to reproduce this ratio, which might explain in part this strong male predominance at conferences. However, it seems to me that in some cases, some of these conferences not only reproduce the gender imbalance of the sectors they appeal to, but actually reinforce them by presenting programs with even worse percentages than those regular in these sectors. Importantly, this is not a disconnected situation. Conferences also build these sectors; the conferences also shape the gender ratios of their sector and could therefore help to improve the balance there. The gender(gap) could change, but it will not change alone, without actions for change.

In a “just do it” spirit, and in order to go more in-depth into the question of gender inclusion at Internet and society conferences, I decided to inaugurate a “pro-bono” research series called “What is the gender(gap) of….?”. It consists of a plan for doing a statistical analysis of gender inclusion at the conferences I attend. It will provide an empirically-based indicator of gender inclusion at each conference that may help to provide a more grounded comparison between each conference. I hope that “What is the gender(gap) of….?” will contribute to increasing gender consciousness, provide a more grounded picture of the question, and contribute to systematizing “best practices” in order to reduce the gender gap at Internet and technology-related conferences.

Research methodology

The research methodology itself is very simple. It is based on counting the male and female participants in every area of engaging with a conference. However, it is important to acknowledge that gender equality is more complex than gender balance (that is, the equal presence of males and females). In this study, I adopt gender balance as an indicator of gender equality, on the assumption that better gender balance might contribute to improve gender equality, even if it is not by any means a perfect indicator. It should also be acknowledged that gender is a complex construction that goes beyond the categories of female and male, such as with hermaphrodites. However, for the purposes of this study, I restricted the categorization of gender to female and male for the sake of methodological simplification. I classified people according to their names and/or appearance in pictures provided on the conference website. I considered people in as many contributory roles as I had data for: that is, I considered not only speakers and key speakers, but also organizers and attendees or testimonies.

What is the gender(gap) of …. OKFest?
The “What is the gender(gap) of ….?” research series is inaugurated today with the case of the Open Knowledge Festival taking place in Helsinki on 17-22 September 2012. To me, the is no doubt that this is THE conference of the year for building a free and open knowledge movement world-wide. (See online schedule for live streaming: I am part of the conference’s Advocacy Board, am part of the organizers of the stream, and have been accepted as speaker in one of the streams.
According to the analysis, overall Okfest is 73.16% male and 26,83% female. The conference role in which women are most present is as guest program organizers, at 41% women (but not core organizers, where the women drop to 20%), which is more than as speakers (27,5%) or featured speakers (19%).

(Visualization thanks to Michael Bauer @mihi_tr)The conference is organized in 13 thematic themes linked to open knowledge. In terms of women engagement by scheme topics, “Gender and Diversity in Openness” (75% women) is the only topic stream in which women speakers are predominant, followed (at some distance) by the topic of “Open Cultural Heritage” (42,85%), “Open Development” (38,88%), “Data Journalism & Data Visualization” (38,09%), and “Transparency & Accountability” (32,96%). The topic streams “Open Research & Education” (24,24%), “Business and Open Data” (24%), “Open Geodata” (22,22%), “Open Democracy & Citizen Movements” (21%), “Open Knowledge & Sustainability” (19,35%), “Open Cities, Open Design, Hardware, Manufactures & Making” (17,24%) have fewer than 25% women, while the female presence in “Open Source Software” stands at the lowest performance with9%. Additionally, 28,5% of testimonies on the website are from women.

This data seems to suggest that including an activity that directly refers to gender in the program might be a way to improve women’s involvement in conferences. Observing the relationship between guest program organization and the number of speakers per stream seems to suggest that (in some cases) involving more women in organizational tasks tend to have a higher presence of more women in the program of speakers. However, the data does not provide strong statistically significant support for this.

And gender(gap) and … you?
“What is the gender(gap) of…?” has a wiki spirit and format. This wiki page provides the presentation and data for each conference analysis. If you care about gender(gap), “Do it yourself, too”!. If you go to a conference on related issues, you could do a “what gender(gap)” and link a wiki page with the data on your case and your analysis. The wiki also provide a resources of best practices and a list of women expert by areas. So make/bring women’s visibility part of the show!

Wiki: What is the gender(gap) of…?


The role of methaphor for Internet conception and the diverse conceptions of Internet

I found very suggestive exploring the role of metaphor in Internet. I think about it in terms of the diverse conceptions of the Internet that cohabit, which some might be more present or/and more adequate in some spheres than others.

In your updating e-mail to the e-list, Chuck you mentioned three metaphors: “Cyberspace”, “frontier” and “tool you use”.

I like the neutrality that is implied in the idea of tool, however, my perception is that “tool” conception in contrast to “cyberspace” tend to adopt a less transformative look and in my view limited to understand the current changes. For instance, initially the empirical research on the impact of the Internet on politics in political science circles initially was characterized by approaching the Internet as a “tool” perspective, a tool that would join, strengthen and potentially increase the processes of public policies as we know them (for example, from voting to e-voting), like if it would be a “remedy” to the weaknesses of the political system, but without transforming it. In other words, the ‘tool” conception in some occasions has feed well to the analysis that only look to existing practices, but to the risk that this “change of tool” to existing practices approach can be very limited to embrace changes that go beyond that and the transformative impact that the adoption of Internet could have.

In my work, I tend to approach the Internet more as an environment, the organizational environment that is created by its adoption, close to the idea of cyberspace. This environment might favor or difficult certain organizational forms of relationships and might also transform power in relationships. Other metaphors that I use or found frequently are “network” or/and “commons”.